Effects of Preoxidation Treatments on Spectral Normal and Total Normal Emittance of Inconel, Inconel-X and Type 347 Stainless Steel

Authors: Wayne S. Slemp; NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION HAMPTON VA LANGLEY RESEARCH CENTER


Abstract:

The spectral/normal-emittance values of several oxidized surfaces prepared by varying the preoxidation treatments or oxidation time for inconel, Inconel-X, and type 347 stainless steel were determined at temperatures of 900, 1,200, l,500, and 1,800 F over a wavelength range of 1 to l5 microns. Polishing, grit blasting, etching, or combinations of these preparations were used as preoxidation treatments. These values were compared for 900 and 1,800 F to determine the effects of these treatments on the spectral-normal-emittance values. Significant effects of preoxidation treatments and oxidation times on the spectral normal emittances of oxidized inconel, Inconel-X, and type 3k7 stainless steel are presented. In general, if a grit-blasted surface is etched before being oxidized, the final oxidized surface will have a lower emittance but will be more adherent and uniform. Of the two types of grit used in this study, the coarser grit provided the higher emittance. Polishing provided the lowest emittance of all specimens tested. In the one set of tests in which oxidation time was varied (on the inconel specimens), increasing oxidation time increased the emittance; however, increasing the time beyond 2 hours produced no further effect.