SpectralEmissivity & Emittance

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Measurements of Pool-Fire Temperature Using IR Technique. (419 K)

By Qian, C.; Saito, K.

Ref: Combustion Institute/Central and Western States (USA) and Combustion Institute/Mexican National Section and American Flame Research Committee. Combustion Fundamentals and Applications. Joint Technical Meeting. Proceedings. April 23-26, 1995, San Antonio, TX, Gore, J. P., Editor(s), 81-86 pp, 1995.

Sponsor: National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD

We made an attempt to measure the flame temperature of four different diameter hexane-pool-fires using IR technique. Emissivities for these four flames were estimated based on measurements of transmitted energy from a blackbody radiant source. The average flame temperature half way to the flame tip was 700-800 deg C, which was in good agreement with thermocouple-temperature measurements by others for a 3 m diameter hexane pool fire.

Click here to download a pdf version of the report:Measurements of Pool-Fire Temperature Using IR Technique. (419 K)

Building and Fire Research Laboratory
National Institute of Standards and Technology
Gaithersburg, MD 20899 USA

Effects of atmosphere, temperature and emittance on reflected and emitted energy

A NASA report by R. Kumar, dated Sep 1, 1977, available online and downloadable as a PDF document.


The effects of temperature and emittance on the relative magnitude of reflected energy and emitter energy from a target including atmospheric effects was studied. From the calculations of energy reflected and emitted from a target including atmospheric effects using LOWTRAN 3 programs for midlatitude summer model, the following conclusions were obtained (1) At 3.5 micrometers q is considerably less than 1 except at high temperatures and for high emittance (2) at 4 micrometers q is of the order of magnitude equal to 1 for most targets and (3) at 4.6 micrometers, q is considerably greater than 1 at high temperatures and high emittance. In addition, incident atmospheric emission reflected from the target was found to be negligible except for targets having low temperature and low emittance.