“Infrared contrast of crude-oil-covered water surfaces“, by Wei-Chuan Shih and A. Ballard Andrews, Optics Letters, Vol. 33, Issue 24, pp. 3019-3021 (2008)
Posts in category Solids & Liquids
Unpolarized emissivity of thin oil films over anisotropic Gaussian seas in infrared window regions,”
Appl. Opt. 49, 2116-2131 (2010), by Nicolas Pinel, Christophe Bourlier, and Irina Sergievskaya is online at:
Abstract (Modified format for easier online viewing) Read More »
In: Remote Sensing of Environment, Volume 45, Issue 2, August 1993, Pages 225-231.
by John W. Salisbury a, Dana M. D’Aria a and Floyd F. Sabins Jr.b
aDepartment of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore U.S.A.
bChevron Oil Field Research Company, La Habra, California U.S.A.
With all the interest on the Gulf Oil spill and recent accounts of the use by British Petroleum and others of Infrared Thermal Imaging to search for surface oil slicks, it seemed very timely to be sure we had included some links and summaries of articles dealing with the thermal Infrared optical properties of crude oil on seawater.
Article Abstract Read More »
Novel approach to assess the emissivity of the human skin
J. Biomed. Opt., Vol. 14, 024006 (2009); DOI:10.1117/1.3086612 Published 6 March 2009
by: Francisco J. Sanchez-Marin, Sergio Calixto-Carrera, and Carlos Villaseñor-Mora
Centro de investigaciones en optica, Loma del Bosque 115, Lomas del Campestre, Leon, Guanajuato 37150, Mexico
To study the radiation emitted by the human skin, the emissivity of its surface must be known. We present a new approach to measure the emissivity of the human skin in vivo. Our method is based on the calculation of the difference of two infrared images: one acquired before projecting a CO2 laser beam on the surface of the skin and the other after such projection. The difference image contains the radiation reflected by the skin, which is used to calculate the emissivity, making use of Kirchhoff’s law and the Helmholtz reciprocity relation. With our method, noncontact measurements are achieved, and the determination of the skin temperature is not needed, which has been an inconvenience for other methods. We show that it is possible to make determinations of the emissivity at specific wavelengths. Last, our results confirm that the human skin obeys Lambert’s law of diffuse reflection and that it behaves almost like a blackbody at a wavelength of 10.6 µm.
Editor’s Note: Back in the 1960s there were several serious projects mounted by the US Army Medical Research Laboratory’s BioPhysics Division on determining injury thresholds of laser radiation on human skin analogs. The article “THRESHOLD LESIONS INDUCED IN PORCINE SKIN BY CO2 LASER RADIATION” by Brownell, Arnold S. ; Parr, Wordie H. ; Hysell, David K. ; Dedrick, Robert, USAMRL Report No. 7327, June 1967, is available as a pdf download at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/AD659347.
Although not fully described in the article, the measured results compared favorably with a semi-infinite solid model of heat conduction for a surface that was essentially black (10.6 micron spectral absorptivity or emissivity very close to 1.0) or fully absorbing at 10.6 microns. This editor was a member of the USAMRL BioPhysics Division staff at that time and helped with the dosimetry of the experiments described.
Part One of Two from the mind of FLIR
It health partners pharmacies starts:
Fill two soda cans with hot water and wrap one with scotch tape. Which one will radiate more heat?
You might be surprised at the answer
(It has all to do with Spectral Emissivity, although this video continues the illusion that it’s really simple “Emissivity” at work! The concept of Emissivity is simple and easy to grasp as the video shows. The understanding is a bit more difficult and begins when one realizes that it is really Spectral Emissivity.)
But looking beyond that technical fine point, the video illustrates two other things: Read More »